What is IP Address

IP addresses identify Internet devices or local networks. “IP” is an abbreviation for “Internet Protocol,” which is the set of rules and guidelines that govern data sent via the internet or local network. The IP address is the identifier that makes it possible to send information from one device to another on a network: they encapsulate location information and make device communication possible. You can solve your login issues via IP Router Login. Computers, routers, and websites must be distinguished on the internet.

What is an IP?

There are several numbers separated by periods that make up an IP address. A set of four numbers is used in IP addresses. For instance, is an example of an IP address with four digits. There are 255 possible values for each number in the address. The full IP addressing range starts from to


Each IP packet includes the IP address of the sending host and the IP address of the destination host in the header. IP addresses serve two principal functions: they identify the host or, more specifically, their network interface, provide the host’s location within the network, and thus the ability to establish a path to it. According to this definition, the name of a thing describes its content, the address describes its location, and the route tells how to get there.

IP address types

IP addresses can be classified into different categories, and within each category, different types.

Internet Protocol address of the consumer.

Private IP addresses are assigned to individuals and businesses with Internet service plans, and their public IP addresses are assigned to public IP address subscribers. DEPENDING ON THE NETWORK LOCATION, an IP address is either public or private. A private IP address is used within a network, and a public one exists outside one.

IP addresses with private information

Your internet network assigns a private IP address to each device connected to it. A Bluetooth-enabled device can include computers, smartphones, tablets, speakers, printers, and smart TVs. There is probably an increasing number of private IP addresses you have at home due to the growing internet of things. Each item needs to be identified separately by your router, and many items need to recognize each other. Your router creates an IP address that is unique for each device, allowing them to be differentiated on the network.

IP addresses that are publicly accessible

In your whole network, your public IP address is your primary address. Your network’s main IP address contains the IP addresses of every connected device and the IP addresses of every connected device. Your Internet service provider (ISP) provides your router with your public IP address, and ISPs distribute IP addresses to their customers from a large pool. An IP address is a unique identifier for your network that all devices will recognize on the internet outside of your Internet network.

IP Version 4 and IP Version 6

Originally, IPv4 was the Internet protocol. In the example we have seen, IP addresses are 32-bit numbers like 506.457.14.512. This only allows for about 4 billion IP addresses, and that’s not enough to meet current demands.


Both IPv4 and IPv6 networks can be divided into subnetworks. In IP addresses, two elements are considered: the network prefix in the high-order bits, and the remaining field, also known as the host identifier or interface identifier (IPv6), used for host numbering within a network.

Subnet masks are used only in IPv4 networks, and CIDR concept and notation are used in both IP versions. A slash precedes IP addresses in this format and the number (in decimal) of bits used for the routing part, also called a routing prefix. Typical IPv4 addresses and subnet masks are and, respectively. 




It is a communication protocol that uses set guidelines to pass information, the same as any other language. The protocol is used for locating, transferring, and exchanging data between all devices connected to the network. Every device can communicate with every other computer by speaking the same language.



Review, Features and Price of Microsoft Windows 10 X

Windows 10 X is a new operating system that is specially designed for the dual-screen laptops and it will also be available for the traditional laptops. There are lots of new features in this operating system and it will provide a customized interface for all the devices. Windows 10 X is planning to install it on traditional laptops via third-party tools. It is expected that the look of this new operating system will be new for the users. Here, we will discuss the essential features of Microsoft Windows 10 X.

  • Gestures: Windows 10 X operating system has also gestured just like the Windows 8. It means that if you want to open the Action Center, you will have to swipe from the right side. On the other hand, if you want to open the Start menu, you will have to swipe from the left side. These kinds of gestures will also work on the touchpad screens of the laptops.
  • Action Center: There is a new and a quick action centre in Windows 10 X. If there are new notifications to you, this activity centre will expand its size. If you want to make any kind of setting, the setting toggle is easily available to you. It means that you don’t need to find setting app for it. You can also control some other things with the help of this activity centre. In these things, there comes brightness, volume, percentage of the battery and power options etc.
  • Compose Mode: There is also a new feature in Windows 10 X and this feature is known as composing mode. With the help of this compose mode, it is possible for you to switch the taskbar to a more traditional taskbar. With the help of this compose mode, it is also easy for the users to use the keyboard easily.
  • Set Up Experience: Windows 10 X is also providing a new setup for the users and this setup will provide a modern look and feel to the users. With the help of this setup experience, it is also easy for you to select the correct language, sign-in and region etc. According to an assignment writing service, in this new setup, you will see that Microsoft has removed the Cortana.
  • Dynamic Wallpaper: Windows 10 X is also providing dynamic wallpaper to the users. It means that this dynamic wallpaper has the ability to change the content of your device on the basis of the time and geo-location. For example, if you are using Mountain View wallpaper, it will change its look in the morning, noon, evening and night.
  • Apps: Lots of apps will be preinstalled in Windows 10 X. Some essential apps that will be preinstalled in Windows 10 X are Microsoft Store, Mail, Calendar, Movies app, Groove music, Weather and Notepad etc.
  • Lock Screen: Windows 10 X is also providing a new look to the lock screen of your laptop. Its reason is that it is introducing a new lock screen with authentication options. It means that you will never be able to dismiss the lock screen without providing the login details. Therefore, you can set your PIN or password. Moreover, you can also add your photo on the lock screen.
  • Taskbar: It will provide different taskbar options on different devices. For example, if you have installed it on the traditional laptops, it will provide a traditional look to the taskbars. On the other hand, if you have installed it on the foldable devices, it will provide a touch-friendly interface to the users. On the traditional laptops, Windows 10 X will provide left-aligned taskbar and on the dual-screen devices, this taskbar will be aligned in the centre. Anyhow, it will also allow you to change the position of the taskbar icons on all the devices.

Price of Microsoft Windows 10 X:

There are three different prices of Windows 10 X. if you want to buy Windows 10 X for personal use or household use, you will have to pay $139. Its license will be available for one PC only. Secondly, if you want to buy it for a small business or you want to enhance the functionality of this Window, you will have to pay $199.99. Its license will also be available just for one PC. Thirdly, if you are an advanced user and you want to buy its pro package, you will have to pay $309. Its license will also be available for one user only. This is known as the best operating system for dual-screen laptops. Anyhow, traditional laptops can also use it.

How to choose a laptop case.

If you bought a laptop computer that is popular today, then of course you are thinking about how to extend his life. Its main feature is mobility. This is what made the equipment so attractive to users. However, to use this function you need to purchase special accessories.

The universal case is suitable for tablets. It is made of durable and elastic material, which protects your tablet firmly from the negative effects of the environment. Thanks to the stinginess of the material, the universal cover will provide maximum protection of the tablet from moisture, scratches and damage. The cover is very light and pleasant to the touch, and its stylish design will add the device of individuality.

Yes, nobody agrees that you can move your PC in a normal box, but how it is much convenient. You can carry it in the first bag you got, but how much is it safe? Therefore, the best case for this is the laptop case. It is a means of protection for portable personal computers, which is intended simultaneously for the transport and storage of equipment.

It is designed in such a way that it allows you to move the laptop and at the same time use it without removing it from the bag. In order to evaluate the advantages of a good laptop case, you need to pick it right. In this case, you need to use the basic hardware parameters. Since the cases are not produced separately for each model of equipment. Of course, this complicates the search for the sample you need. Nevertheless, finding a suitable protective equipment for your equipment, you can fully assess its quality.

What to look for when buying

Buying a laptop case, you need to pay attention to a number of factors, the account of which will allow you to select exactly the samples you need. Pay attention to the following product features:

  • Dimensions, as already said, are determined by the size of the notebook itself. Nevertheless, it is worth considering that if the bag is complementary to the compartments for accessories, its dimensions can be slightly increased.
  • Materials used in the manufacture can be combined in different ways. The base provides the bag with rigidity, so it will keep the shape. The internal part provides protection of the laptop and also gives the chance to fix it.
  • External design is no less important factor than others are, because often going to a meeting you create a special image and you need that would be the presence of the laptop did not spoil it, but rather complemented. This is suitable for a laptop case.

Depending on the design, materials and design, the price of the bag may vary. On sale today, there are many samples from different manufacturers and for a variety of models of nasty computers.

Source website: https://caselibrary.com

Tips To Configure Your Router and Get Most Out Of It.

The router is one of the most appreciated devices if you wish to connect to the internet from home and in the future will be the most important, when any appliance or household item access the internet to operate.

Configuring your router correctly is key to access the Internet without problems , connect any device you have in your home, avoid strangers take advantage of your connection without permission or prevent access to content not recommended for the little ones in the house, among many others things.

In addition, a well-configured router will allow you to make the most of your Internet connection.

Let’s see some aspects to take into account if we want to take advantage of the functions that the router integrates or simply to be sure and avoid headaches in the future.

Change the Default Password

To configure the router we have to access its control page. To do this, just open the address in any web browser.

There are wireless routers that by default only allow access to that address by connecting the PC to the router via Ethernet cable, but most admit access via wifi. In any case, you will be asked for a username (default admin) and a password.

The default password may vary, but it is usually admin, so it is best to change it as soon as possible. This will prevent someone from accessing the router via wifi from outside your home and change the configuration.

On the other hand, if you manage the internet connection of the whole family, changing the password will prevent anyone from changing the parameters that you configure yourself.

Depending on the router model, the option to change the password is in one place or another. For example, it is usually in Advanced> Administration> Set password. Search for a similar submenu and you will soon find the right option. Of course, do not confuse changing the Admin password with the wifi password.

Do not forget this password, it is important. If you forget it, you will have to delete the router configuration and configure it from scratch.

Configure the Wifi Network

Within the router, its most appreciated feature today is the Wi-Fi connection, since it allows us to have several devices connected to the Internet without wires and no matter in which corner of the house we are.

There are several aspects of our Wi-Fi network that we can configure to improve security or to avoid problems or scares.

To start, we can change the default password. They tend to be long and complicated, but if someone searches online it will not take long to find it.

The options related to the Wi-Fi are usually in a sub-menu related to Wi-Fi or wireless connections. You may have to activate the advanced menu to see those options.

About the wifi password, you can choose the type of password (WPA, WPA2) according to the model of your router. If you do not know which one to stay with, leave it as it is. And in the password field you should indicate a new password between 8 and 63 characters. Try alternating numbers with letters. The more complicated, the better.

From the same menu you can change the name of your Wi-Fi connection or SSID, which by default usually has a cryptic name. For a more secure connection, you are supposed to limit the access to certain equipments via MAC address filtering and connect to the devices from the same IP address.

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